Scientific Name Nycticebus bengalensis. The Sunda slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) or greater slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to Indonesia, West Malaysia, southern Thailand and Singapore.It measures 27 to 38 cm (11 to 15 in) from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g (21.1 and 24.2 oz). Listed on the IUCN Red List as “Data Deficit” as of May 25, The Bengal Slow Loris was evaluated as “unprotected” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) at 20 – just enough field data based on habitat loss due to lack of decision. They are the only known venomous primates, and their bite can lead to “severe anaphylactic shock (allergic reaction) in humans.” Bengal slow lorises are the largest of the species, weighing up to two kilograms. The species is listed as "Vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List, and is threatened with extinction due to a growing demand in the exotic pet trade and traditional medicine. grf The Bengal slow loris is a little known, nocturnal, arboreal primate with a wide geographical distribution ranging from Northeast India in the west to parts of Vietnam in the east. It has gone locally extinct in several regions. This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eyes, which reflect the light, a vestigial tail and specially adapted hands and feet for climbing. Bengal slow loris is facing habitat loss due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range. Lack of funding also plagues adequate research on the species. Reintroduction is defined by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ... Pygmy, and Bengal Slow Loris. Until 2007, the IUCN The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). Nycticebus bengalensis, commonly known as the Bengal slow loris or northern slow loris, is a strepsirrhine primate in the slow loris genus, Nycticebus. “People now want to know more about primate species and their role in forests in their areas. As it is exclusively found almost in all the forested areas of northeast India, our efforts are negligible,” Das said. All forests are highly degraded and under various anthropogenic pressure. However, Das pointed out that no evidence has been observed to date that the hunting in northeast India is linked to the trade hub. Why we are trying to save these cute, little critters? (Visited 730 times, 1 visits today) Endangered Primate Rescue Center – Vietnam. Fuelled by this belief, people in the hilly and remote areas use all body parts of the Bengal slow loris, even if there is no scientific basis for the diagnosis by local traditional medicine practitioners,” Das pointed out. 0 The Bengal Slow Loris is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The different Slow Loris species are as follows: greater, pygmy, Philippine, Kayan River, Bengal, Bornean, Mangka, and Javan Slow Loris. “We found that despite hunting and habitat loss Bengal slow lorises still exist in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, albeit patchily within a forest block. The species is listed as Vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN Red List of threatened species. (1996) recorded Bengal slow lorises This is due to loss of habitat and severe pressures from hunting, there is more than 30% reduction in population over three generations. However, in 2008 the IUCN Red List classified the Bengal Slow Loris as Vulnerable due to an expected 30% decline in the next three generations over the species’ entire range. The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). Details of these activities can be found in the Vietnamese Journal of Primatology. Sunda Slow Loris – The Sunda slow Loris, or greater slow Loris, lives in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. Das observed a change in the mindset of local community members after each awareness drive. Fig 2: IUCN Bengal slow loris distribution range Fig 3: Slow loris in Manas National Park Fig 4: Slow loris in Nameri National Park Fig 5: Slow loris in Bherjan-Borajan WLS Fig 6: Slow loris in Garampani WLS Fig 7: Map showing Bengal slow loris surveyed PAs in Assam. Among mammals available in Bangladesh, Slow Loris, Bengal Slow Loris, Bengal Loris and Northern Slow Loris remain endangered, while Hog Badger and Hog-nosed Badger remain vulnerable in both global 2020 red list and IUCN Bangladesh’s 2015 red list. Although Satchari National Park is a small forest patch, loris encounter rate is higher in this patch. Bellevue, WA 98004. Bengal slow loris is facing habitat loss due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range. The Bengal slow loris is the largest of the slow loris species, with considerable variation of size, and coat colour. The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India. According to a study, slow lorises in many parts in Asia are traded as exotic pets. Population. Slow lorises are nocturnal strepsirrhine primates in the genus Nycticebus that live in the rainforests of South and Southeast Asia. Each of the slow loris species identified before 2012 is listed in the IUCN Red list as “weak” or “endangered.” The three new species have not yet been evaluated, but they are (and are, to some extent, reduced) considered to be single “vulnerable” species. Key words: Bengal slow loris, distribution, survival threats, conservation, Meghalaya, India Introduction The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is one of two nocturnal primates found in India. The smaller body size in pygmy slow lorises is thought to be the result of character displacement, the accentuation of differences between similar species that share the same geographic distribution. Photo Taken At Endangered Primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Bengal slow loris Sunda slow loris Bornean slow loris Javan slow loris Figure 1: Distribution of Slow Loris species. Bengal slow lorises are the largest of the species, weighing up to two kilograms. Their faces are round, their eyes are large, and they have colored patches of fur around their eyes. The Slow Loris is a group of Lorises in the taxonomic genus Nycticebus.They are closely related to their sister genus Loris, the Slender Lorises.Scientists believe there are eight different species of Slow Loris. It has a skull length of more than 62 mm (2.4 in). In Lao PDR, the population seems to be fairly undisturbed and occurs in large forest tracts (R. Timmins pers. The Bengal slow loris is the largest species of slow loris, weighing 1 to 2.1 kg, and measuring between 26 and 38 cm from head to tail. Bengal Slow Loris area.png 290 × 303; 9 KB. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. Cover photo: Conservationist/Shutterstock. The Bengal Slow Loris has been categorized as globally Vulnerable by IUCN due to their decreasing populations. All of the slow loris are under threat of wildlife business and habitat loss. The species is facing habitat loss and hunting pressures across its range. Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam Facts Summary: The Bengal Slow Loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent … It also has a clear dark stripe that runs up to the top of its head, but does not extend laterally towards the ears. It is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN, 2015), appearing on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as a result of a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting which have caused a greater than 50% reduction in their population over three generations (approximately 24 years). Bengal Slow Loris – Bengal slow Lorises have a relatively extensive range, and their populations live throughout Southeast Asia. +1 (425) 454-2113 This species is also known by … The limited information on its status and ecology is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species in India. It is found in numerous protected areas within its range; But conservation measures and illegal logging are plentiful and conservation measures are not specific to any species. 204 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[186 29]/Info 185 0 R/Length 92/Prev 1395735/Root 187 0 R/Size 215/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream An arboreal animal, the Bengal slow loris is found in almost all types of trees, but they mainly prefer those that release gum or sap. endstream endobj 190 0 obj <>stream In the early 1990s, Wang et al. Slow lorises are illegal to buy, sell or solicit! The species is listed as "Vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List, and is threatened with extinction due to a growing demand in the exotic pet trade and traditional medicine. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. 214 0 obj <>stream “Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is solitary and shy. The species is classified as “Vulnerable” on the Red List of IUCN. Slow lorises are a group of primates comprising eight species occurring in South and South-East Asia. “Up to 2008, I encountered mostly rescued and released animals. Among mammals available in Bangladesh, Slow Loris, Bengal Slow Loris, Bengal Loris and Northern Slow Loris remain endangered, while Hog Badger and Hog-nosed Badger remain vulnerable in both global 2020 red list and IUCN Bangladesh’s 2015 red list. 6. Swapna Nelaballi. Slow lorises, such as this Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) were once considered common, but are now recognized as threatened species. The diet of the Bengal slow loris consists of fruits, insects, snails, tree sap, and gum, etc. The protected area network in these states is important for their conservation,” Das and colleagues write in their study. IUCN Red List Status Vulnerable. “Some awareness drives have been conducted in selective sites. This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eye… Jhum cultivation, expansion of tea estates and the conversion of forests for agricultural uses are endangering the animal. IUCN has listed them as Endangered, whereas they are listed under the Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972, according them the … As we continue to navigate life through the outbreak of the Coronavirus (COVID-19), we wish to keep Sanctuary's supporters and readers connected to recent news and articles. Photo: Saurabhsawantphoto/Wikimedia Commons Cover: Mass awareness about Bengal slow loris and other primate species are urgently needed in their distribution ranges to inform people of the nocturnal species’ role in the ecosystem. According to Nabajit Das’ research, the animals are seen in trees up to 30 feet from the ground in the forests of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Even villagers seem to be interested more about nocturnal animals mammalian species,” Das explained, adding that night-blooming flowers are pollinated by the Bengal slow loris, which is vital for a healthy forest ecosystem. VU-IUCN: 2008. 105 Abstract: The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is a nocturnal prosimian that inhabits the forests of northeastern India. However, some individuals in both species have mitochondrial DNAsequences that resemble thos… The diet of the Bengal slow loris consists of fruits, insects, snails, tree sap, and gum, etc. All four are expected to be listed at least simultaneously, if not high-risk, conservation status. It is nocturnal and arboreal in nature. However, hunting continues even in protected areas mainly for use in traditional medicines. As with many nocturnal prosimian species, little is known about its behavior or ecology; even less information is available on its distribution and population status in … Mohali – 160062, Punjab, United States The greater slow loris and the Bengal slow loris are both protected under Thai law and listed on IUCN’s (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) Red List as Vulnerable. The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). Das who is also affiliated with the Nocturnal Primate Research Group of Oxford Brookes University said in a paper that limited information on its status and ecology is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species in India. Jhum cultivation, expansion of tea estates and the conversion of … As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. Bengal slow loris[1] The Bengal slow loris is the largest species of slow loris, weighing 1 to 2.1 kg (2.2 to 4.6 lb), [9] and measuring between 26 and 38 cm (10 and 15 in) from head to tail. Still, it is the least studied species in India and is now getting some importance. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) classifies the Slow Loris into 5 species. Improve it further, please do so globally Vulnerable by the International Union for the conservation of Nature IUCN. Species was sent to Chittagong Zoo is present in most of the Slender loris through its conservation. In Assam, told Mongabay-India rainforests of South and South-East Asia community after. 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